Volume 4, Issue 2, June 2018, Page: 34-37
Production and Consumption of Alcoholic Beverages with Its Consequence in India: A Short Review
Raghu Holalkere Sriram, Department of Biochemistry, Kuvempu University, Shimoga, India
Rajeshwara Achur, Department of Biochemistry, Kuvempu University, Shimoga, India
Received: Dec. 18, 2017;       Accepted: Jan. 16, 2018;       Published: Feb. 26, 2018
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijsqa.20180402.11      View  1598      Downloads  180
Abstract
Brewing and drinking of various liquors was developed into an art in ancient India as well as in Karnataka. Beverages are believed to contain ethanol are mentioned in ancient Indian literature dated back to Vedic period around 2000 B. C. Ancient Indian medical texts described in details the harmful effects of excessive or indiscriminate drinking on the mind and body Ethanol or generally referred as Alcohol consumption is gradually increasing in the developing countries in the last two decades. In India, cumulative cost of alcohol consumption is more than the income due to their sale. The proportion of injuries linked to alcohol use is estimated to be 59% of all injuries in India. In 1830, Edward Dyer traveled to India and set up the India's first brewery in Kasauli. Karnataka ranks third in the country in ethanol production. India Made Foreign Liquor (IMFL), Country Liquor, Illicit liquor and Beer are the types of alcoholic beverages available in India.
Keywords
Brewing, Alcohol Consumption, India Made Foreign Liquor, Country Liquor, Illicit Liquor, Beer
To cite this article
Raghu Holalkere Sriram, Rajeshwara Achur, Production and Consumption of Alcoholic Beverages with Its Consequence in India: A Short Review, International Journal of Science and Qualitative Analysis. Vol. 4, No. 2, 2018, pp. 34-37. doi: 10.11648/j.ijsqa.20180402.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Reference
[1]
Chopra RN, Chopra IC (1965). Drug addiction with special reference to India. New Delhi: council of Scientific and Industrial Research.
[2]
Dikshitar VR. (1951). Prehistoric south India. Madras: N. S. Press.
[3]
Jyotsna Kamat (2013). Drinking in Ancient Karnataka. Karnataka History Academy Conference. Hampi.
[4]
Prakash O. (1961). Food and drinks in ancient India. New Delhi: Munshi Ram Manohar Lal, publishers.
[5]
Charak Samhita. (1949). Shree Gulabkunverda Ayurvedic Society, Jamnagar, Popular Edition, Vol. III, Chapter 24: 2203-2247.
[6]
Sir William Wilson Hunter (1886). The Indian Empire: Its People, History, and Products. Asian Educational Services. p. 616. ISBN 978-81-206-1581-6.
[7]
Economic times, 2012, June 27. India's 2012 Ethanol Output Likely to rise 29%.
[8]
The Hindu, 2012, June 6. State eyes second position in country in ethanol output.
[9]
Brij Lal and Singh G, (1978). Alcohol consumption in Punjab. Indian journal of psychiatry, 20: 217.
[10]
Benegal V, Velayuudham A, Jain S, (2003), Social Cost of Alcoholism: a Karnataka perspective, NIMHANS Journal, 18 (1&2) 67.
Browse journals by subject